digital privacy be protected

How can digital privacy be protected?

There is a need for an international body that can research and monitor intellectual institutions around the world. So that the governments of different countries do not misuse the personal data of the citizens for the monitoring process.

The committee suggested that the European Data Protection Board (EBB) should reach an international agreement on the extent to which it would authorize and monitor the intelligence agencies.

The committee said the agreement should be used as a legal tool for independent data protection to be prosecuted. But for that, the data protection organ has yet to be built.

The European Union (EU) has called for the establishment of an international data protection body, especially in times of crisis. In such a crisis, the government can take advantage of the unfavorable situation and violate the right to privacy of citizens through legal means.

But sometimes national security needs to be monitored if there is a real threat.

The statement said that while the issue of civil health was being raised because of the ongoing COVID 19 risks, there was an excuse to interfere in the right to privacy of the people.

As a result of the epidemic, digital health and contact tracing services are now interfering with many people's lives. At times, it even has detrimental effects on personal data security.

Most cities are installing surveillance technologies such as CCTV cameras from traffic monitoring tools to enforce lockdown restrictions.

The French government recently tested facial recognition software at a Paris metro station.

The French data protection organization immediately opposed the technology, which was installed to identify non-masked passengers.

It also provides an example of the government's use of privacy breaches at adverse times.

For the past few years, the European Council has been calling for the establishment of a special international body to protect data.

With the economy suddenly digitizing and globalizing, widespread personal data is likely to flow at the cross-border level.

Since Edward Snowden revealed in 2013 that US intelligence had carried out extensive surveillance against national and international citizens, the Council of the European Parliament had called for the establishment of an international legal system that could guarantee data security.

Besides, the European Union has been regulating surveillance technologies used by states and countries to some extent. Extensive surveillance and data collection programs that came out after Snowden's revelation were banned in 2018.

The monitoring violated the European Convention on Human Rights.

"Many years have passed since the revelation of the comprehensive surveillance program, but it still continues to allow for the violation of the right to privacy," Alessandra Prairie, chair of the European Data Protection Council, wrote in a joint statement.

He goes on to say, "A new effort is needed to strengthen the action of the past."

He also said that it was necessary to hold discussions among democratic countries on delegating power to intelligence agencies.

Paul Burnell, a researcher in media and information technology at the University of East Anglia School of Law, says the international agreement that seeks to enact international law defining citizens' right to data security is ambitious but not impossible.

"It is difficult to say at this time what effect the Council of Europe will have, but this should not undermine the significance of the European Council's statement," he said.

"I think this statement is very important," he said. It is not considered important that it can achieve much. Not only China and Russia but also the United States and the United Kingdom have played a role in protecting personal data.

The latest international agreement on data protection is Convention 108, which still exists. This is a treaty drawn up by the European Council in 1981. It has been ratified by 55 countries. It is a legitimate tool to work on data protection.

Convention 108 was modernized two years ago to incorporate the new changes of the digital age. A new version called Convention 108 Plus will be implemented shortly.

Although the European Council expects the treaty to be used worldwide as a standard document of confidentiality, the committee's chairman said Convention 108 Plus could not guarantee confidentiality in all areas where data flows.

Not to mention one case here. Last July, the European Court of Human Rights (ECJ) enforced the EU-US Privacy Shield. It was agreed to facilitate the transatlantic data flow.

But that was not enough to guarantee European data security in the United States. In a decision called "Screams to", the ECJ rejected the agreement. This caused significant damage to trade between the two countries.

Priory argues that the implementation of international standard scrimmage without data protection would harm international relations.