Artificial Intelligence: Who Takes A Bell In A Cat's Throat?

Artificial Intelligence: Who Takes A Bell In A Cat's Throat?

Well-known American researcher Raymond Kurzwill said at the beginning of this century that technology is not limited to simply making tools, a process that gives rise to more powerful technology than before.

He said that the pace of development of technology will be at least double in a decade. Today at the stage where technology has reached, it proves that they were not wrong to say.

But with the development of rapid technology, the fear of its becoming unstable has spread equally fast. Fear of unknown future inspired by technology and discussion on it is nothing new among scientists and experts.

Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google and Alphabet, said last week that it is very important to be careful about Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Last week, one of his articles appeared in the Financial Times, in which he said, "There is no doubt that rules need to be made about Artificial Intelligence. We can continue to work on new technology. But market arrangements will somehow make it There should be no open exemption for use. "

There have been many warnings about AI

This is not the first time Sundar Pichai has warned the world about the dangers of artificial intelligence, nor is he the first such person to have done so.

In the year 2018, while addressing the employees of the company, he said, "The impact of artificial intelligence on the world, hardly any other invention."

He had said, "One of the most important artificial intelligence that humans are working on today is perhaps as important as fire and electricity. But it can also kill humans. We have learned to control fire, but its dangers We are also struggling. Those working on Artificial Intelligence have to understand that this is one such technique, which will have to be worked with full responsibility. "

In 2017, Elon Musk, owner of Tesla and SpaceX, said, "You should be worried if you are not worried about artificial intelligence. This is more dangerous than North Korea."

In the picture that Elon Musk tweeted on social media, it was written, "Finally the victory will be of machines"

Musk appealed to the leaders to make rules to control artificial intelligence before it is too late.

Well-known physicist Stephen Hawking, who explained the world the black hole and the Big Bang theory, said in 2017 that "I believe that artificial intelligence can be used for the betterment of humanity, but human beings have some way to control it." Have to find it away. "

He called its development to become powerful machines and cautioned them to become more powerful and said, "If we are not able to prepare ourselves for its dangers, then this can cause the greatest damage to human civilization. "

In 2017, Oren Etzioni of the Allen Institute of Artificial Intelligence said that Artificial Intelligence, regardless of its use, needs to be controlled to some extent.

Why worry about AI?

Artificial intelligence means giving machines the ability to think like humans, work like them and make decisions.

Voice assistants like Siri and Alexa, self-driving technology for cars like Tesla, Amazon, and Netflix's interactive technology to serve consumers according to their interests, or nested technology that can fit your habits - these are some examples of the use of artificial intelligence.

But recently, the particular reason why Artificial Intelligence has been in the discussion is the technique of facial recognition.

The Indian police use a facial recognition app called Trinetra to match a criminal's photograph to find out if he has an old criminal record.

In recent years, police have used automated facial recognition systems in crowded places on Republic Day and Independence Day. According to a report, this technique was used in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's rally held at Ramlila Maidan in Delhi on 22 December 2019.

The Government of India considers this technique important for modernizing the police force and identifying the culprits.

While this discussion was catching on in the media, a report by Kashmir Hill was published in the New York Times. The report was about a company called Clearview AI that uses photographs of people placed on thousands of social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube to identify faces.

The law enforcement agencies are interested in this software and according to a report about 600 agencies of America are using it. "There are millions of websites on the Internet, which we use to make our database bigger," says the company's founder, Hon Ton-That.

Why is facial recognition a concern?

The basis of facial recognition technology is to scan millions of faces or their pictures to identify a face. It means to violate the privacy of millions for the identity of a person.

Then what will happen to the privacy of the millions of people whose companies and governments are scanning their photos or their faces without permission? Is there any law for them?

Virag Gupta, a well-known advocate and cyber expert in the Supreme Court, says that at present there is no direct law regarding this in India.

He explains, "There is a constant struggle between law and technology. Where technology jumps and moves at a fast pace, it has its own pace to make law, it moves at its slow pace."

"The question is that if people do not know or understand the dangers of this and tell people about all these hazards, if there is no legal compulsion then the companies can take advantage of this and what is happening. It is important to be seen. "

Ethical hacker Rizwan Sheikh working on facial recognition technology believes that the vast amount of data collected under this technique is a matter of great concern for its safety and use.

However, he says, "With the use of this data, major crimes can be stopped in time."

He says, to deal with this, the government needs to think and make rules at many levels.

He says, "The first data is kept with the private company or with the government and for this, servers are used from within or outside the country. Secondly, if the private company has a deck, how can they use the data? Does it? Third, is the data completely encrypted, and the fourth and last, what are the necessary mechanisms to deal with hacking attempts? "

Virag Gupta also agrees that it is futile to expect the common man for this work, for this the government will have to try.

He says, "Companies make big terms of the agreement in small letters which the app or software user agrees to read unaided. Does anyone audit them? To deal with these frauds the common man It would be such an exaggeration to expect. Neither is he capable of it nor does he have resources nor does he have any legal system for it. "

"To deal with this kind of privacy violation on a large scale, many laws have to be resorted to. First, it is necessary to understand that the appropriate points of the Information Technology Act will have to be strengthened. Secondly, it will have to be seen that if the information If is collected then how to keep it secure. Thirdly, it will be important to understand how the companies use the data they collect, and the government should make a regulation for them.

What is the system in India?

Says Rizwan Sheikh, "The Indian agency Cert India works to keep track of topics such as the use of data. It needs to make the necessary guidelines in which to keep the data safe and only for the government to access it when needed. "

But there is also a matter of great concern that companies operate internationally and in such a situation they have the challenge of following the laws of every country and such difficulties can arise.

Rizwan Sheikh says, "No visa or passport is required to download the software or app. You can download an app from a German server to your phone in India. This is a big challenge for cyber law and technology and Many companies and people take advantage of this loophole.

Silver Lining

Uddhav Tiwari, the public policy advisor at the Mozilla Company, says "In 2019, San Francisco prohibited the use of facial recognition by government agencies. But such examples are few."

He says, "The European Union is considering the dangers of artificial intelligence and its regulation."

In the same month, a whitepaper attached to it was leaked according to which the association may take three to five years to fully consider its benefits and losses, during which the use of facial recognition technology can be banned in public places.

In India too, there is a thought about this. But there is currently no clarity on what will be said about facial recognition in the upcoming data protection bill. This bill was introduced in Parliament in December last year. Experts had expressed concern at that time that government agencies could be given permission to use it while arguing for national security.

Udbhav Tiwari says that "in most countries, government agencies are given this kind of exemption. But government agencies need to have rules regarding data usage."

Virag Gupta says that "Government in India rarely sees any seriousness about it nor will it. There are many challenges to create a regulatory system for this. Digital India has come but with different types of usage related to it, there is no proper legal system yet. "

He says, "It does not seem that governments will be able to regulate it easily. Unless its economic and social side effects affect more countries, there is no big accident or big international understanding, then there will be something about it, not that Think. "

"Just as the countries of the world had to come together for the use of atomic bombs, just as it will be understood that this is a big loss for humanity, efforts will also be made to regulate it."