Artificial intelligence will change job pattern, reduce risk of unemployment: UN expert

Artificial intelligence will change job pattern, reduce risk of unemployment: UN expert

The arrival of technology like Artificial Intelligence has created a fear in the world that robots (machine-human or computer-human) should not replace workers. But UN experts believe that new technology is unlikely to cause problems like widespread unemployment because humans are still ahead of these things due to their creative abilities.

At the same time, the United Nations also says that people have to be connected with technology so that people can use it easily. Policies are needed for this because it cannot be sat on the level of policies by making excuses for technological progress. Eckhard Ernst, head of the United Nations Labor Organization (ILO) Macroeconomic Policy and Employment Division, says the manufacturing sector will not benefit from artificial intelligence. In such a situation, at least in developing countries, the estimates of employment opportunities will not be correct.

He said that artificial intelligence will affect construction work, healthcare, and business and employment opportunities in these areas may be affected. Ernst said, "The issue is more about the change in the nature of work than the loss of job opportunities." A new type of work will be added in front of the employees of these areas with computers and robots to help them.

Will benefit

He said that the algorithm of artificial intelligence can use the machine in those tasks which run continuously on one track. Instead of such works, man will focus on areas related to interpersonal contact, social and emotional skills. The ILO has also said that computer-based artificial intelligence will benefit developing countries as well and there will be more beneficial in areas like agriculture. He says that his farmers are now getting the latest information about weather forecasts and market prices through instruments.

Farmers from countries south of the Sahara Desert in the African continent can identify the identity of insects on crops through mobile apps. They have been developed with the help of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Ernest says that the need is to connect people with digital / computer technology so that they do not feel that they cannot run the machine, they can not provide instructions with it. They can use the machine in the same way that it is a common tool, such as an ax or car.

He said that by making excuses for progress in the field of technology, one cannot be seated with hands and hands in the policy area. There is a need to initiate a good solution (through technology). ”According to a recent study by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Work, artificial intelligence will have a 'major impact' on the labor market and inequalities. But this study states that it cannot be said that this effect will happen in exactly the same way and it can be shaped through policies at local, national, and global levels.