Internet in Nepal

Internet in Nepal

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All home-based internet service providers are connected to Kathmandu. There are various border connections in the border area of ​​Nepal, from where international bandwidth enters Nepal. A service provider that brings in bandwidth in this way is called a network service provider. For which a separate license has to be obtained from the regulatory Nepal Telecommunication Authority. So far, 16 companies have obtained such licenses.

Most of the major service providers in Nepal bring their own internet bandwidth as network service providers. Larger companies as network service providers themselves and smaller service providers purchase such bandwidth from the same large service providers and pass it on to users.

Bandwidth enters Nepal through a mobile network, FTTH, cable, and ADSL, wireless technology.

Network service providers are also bringing bandwidth to Nepal through various routes through various foreign companies. Bhairahawa and Birgunj have the highest bandwidth entry points in Nepal. Apart from that, bandwidth enters Nepal from India via Dohabi, Dhalkebar, and Tanakpur.

Lately, such bandwidth has started to enter even from China. But in very small quantities. Nepal's network service providers are connected to Chinese companies through Rasuwagadhi. Network infrastructure is under construction at the Tatopani port on the Chinese side.

Airtel and Tata are the main companies providing physical infrastructure for bandwidth from India. Apart from these, a company called Global PCCW also supplies bandwidth within Nepal. However, other companies using Airtel and Tata's infrastructure also sell bandwidth to Nepali network service providers. However, due to the high cost of satellite bandwidth, very little has been entering Nepal.

How is Internet distribution changing?

Initially, all users and servers were confused with each other. Some users got access from a free server while some users exchanged data from another user. But this pattern is slowly changing, says Samit Jan Thing, a board of directors of the Nepal Internet Exchange (NPIX).

‘No matter how many servers hosted the content, they put that content on their own site. But gradually all those servers have started going to the cloud. In the past, any user had to hit the original server to get the content, but now that location is gradually changing to the cloud, 'he says.

"Currently, the consumption of mobile phones has increased. The desktop is starting to disappear. All the content is getting closer to the user. Content is not as scattered as it used to be, it's getting closer and closer, and it's getting easier to access. '

 For example, content such as Google and Facebook used to be scattered far away from users. Now they are slowly approaching. Local service providers are managing cache servers to bring such content closer to the user. In this way, the content of the Internet is changing.